The peace ambassador, Prem Rawat, talked publicly about peace at the age of four. Ever since, he has given many other talks about the unique peacekeeping message to the world. Peace Operations is a department within the United Nations. It is in charge of peacekeeping, which is known as the only effective instrument which can help war- torn countries to achieve sustainable peace.
Within the 4 continents, there are 14 U.N. peacekeeping missions. Currently, there are more than 110,000 peacekeeping operations within the United Nations. The field personnel includes military forces, police officers and civilians. Read more and find out about the UN Peace Operations.
What do peacekeeping operations consist of?
The United Nations' mission is to work for peace, and it operates in many regions around the world to achieve its objectives. It is concerned with peacekeeping, peace-building and conflict prevention. Many activities are carried out within the organization to restore and build global harmony.
The UN peacekeepers are responsible for providing security through nonviolence to conflicting countries. It is a very challenging work for leaders in war-torn countries to end conflicts and live in peace. The UN Peacekeeping Operations make it possible for those countries to make the difficult step from conflict to peace.
The goals of the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations Department
The UN Peacekeeping Operations aims at protecting civilians from the devastating effects of conflicts and wars. They work closely with national authorities to achieve the goal through exceptional political assignments. In addition, the Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions (OROLSI) backs the rule of law constituents of the peacekeeping operations by the United Nations.
The UN Peacekeeping Operations purports to make sure that the law and order are re-established and the State has an extended authority. In addition, it strives to put an end to all kinds of conflicts and stabilize the government.
What are past peace operations like?
The Security Council heads over peacekeeping operations within the targeted areas where conflicts have happened. In the past, 58 peacekeeping operations have been conducted. The UN Peacekeeping Operations is responsible for evaluating the peacekeeping operations within the war-torn regions, and gives permission to the authority leaders and special envoys to close the peace building missions, in order to implement new ones within the same regions or country.
Each mission varies according to the objectives in the affected areas or country. Some of the missions may run over a shorter period of time, according to the seriousness of the conflicts. Each mission has different callings and objectives.
- Peacekeeping Operations in the Middle East started in the mid-1950s. The UN Emergency Force (UNEF I and UNEF II) conducted 2 different missions in the Middle East to initiate the peacekeeping work. Later, from 1991 to 2003, the UN Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG) carried out peace building work to restore peace between the two countries. Other missions were sent to put an end to violence in the Middle East, including the UN Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM), and the UN Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS), to name just a few.
- Likewise, several peacekeeping operations took place to establish harmony in Europe, including the UN Civilian Police Support Group or UNCPSG in 1998. Aside from that, the Bosnia and Herzegovina wars could not have been put to end without the intervention of the UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIHB). The other missions in Europe include the UN Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP) which lasted 4 years from 1995. The UNTAES or the UN Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium was a 2-year mission, which was started in January 1996 to address the issues in those areas.
- The UN Peacekeeping Operations has undertaken the most numerous missions in Africa, due to the frequent wars and conflicts in this country. From December 1989 to March 2018, approximately 30 missions have been carried out to crack down on violence and conflicts in Africa. Among the longest missions include the UNMEE, or the UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea, which operated from July 2000 to July 2008. Other lasting missions included the UNASMIL, or the UN Mission in Sierra Leona, to establish peace in the country from October 1999 to December 2005.
- Many other missions took place in the Americas, in Asia and the Pacific.
The ultimate goals of the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations
The ultimate goals of the UN are to maintain worldwide peace and security. Aside from that, it works to make peace ;possible, as Prem Rawat often reiterates in his message of peace, by developing inter-nation relations. This relation among nations highlights the cooperation between nations to promote socio-economic development, and eradicate any cultural or humanitarian universal conflicts.